<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> <head> <meta http-equiv="Content-type" content="text/html;charset=UTF-8" /> <title>Arabic grammar lessons</title> <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" href="style.css" /> <meta name="description" content="Grammar lessons with explanations and examples of usage for standard and Egyptian Arabic. Basic parts of speech, active and passive participles, verb forms, verb conjugations and tenses, the case system, and more." /> <script type="text/javascript"> var _gaq = _gaq || []; _gaq.push(['_setAccount', 'UA-29877981-1']); _gaq.push(['_trackPageview']); (function() { var ga = document.createElement('script'); ga.type = 'text/javascript'; ga.async = true; ga.src = ('https:' == document.location.protocol ? 'https://ssl' : 'http://www') + '.google-analytics.com/ga.js'; var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s); })(); </script> </head> <body> <div id="content"> <div id="head"> <span class="title">Arabic learning resources</span> <ul id="menu"> <li><a href="index.html">home</a></li> <li><a href="vocab.html">vocabulary</a></li> <li><a href="grammar.html">grammar</a></li> <li><a href="faq.html">faq</a></li> <li><a href="about.html">about</a></li> <li><a href="links.html">links</a></li> </ul> </div> <div class="body"> <h1>Arabic grammar lessons</h1><br /> <p>Here are some pages I put together on Arabic grammar. Most of this information focuses on Egyptian Arabic, but some material on standard Arabic is also included. I've used <span class="ea">EA</span> to indicate that a lesson covers Egyptian Arabic and <span class="msa">MSA</span> to indicate that a lesson covers (modern) standard Arabic.</p> <p><a href="g_articles.html">Articles &amp; the sun and moon letters</a> &nbsp;<span class="ea">EA</span> - information on the definite article, its use, and the "sun and moon letters" (rules of assimilation of the -l of the definite article).</p> <p><a href="g_nouns.html">Nouns</a> &nbsp;<span class="ea">EA</span> - information on how to inflect nouns for gender and number (make them feminine, dual, and plural).</p> <p><a href="g_adj.html">Adjectives</a> &nbsp;<span class="ea">EA</span> - definition of what adjectives are and how to inflect them for gender and number. A list of common, basic adjectives. Information on the rules of adjective agreement with nouns, and how to form nisba adjectives.</p> <p><a href="g_adjcomp.html">Comparative and superlative adjectives</a> &nbsp;<span class="ea">EA</span> - how to form the "elative" adjective forms that are used for comparisons. How to make both comparative and superlative statements.</p> <p><a href="g_adv.html">Adverbs</a> &nbsp;<span class="ea">EA</span> - lists of common adverbs, arranged by type (adverbs of time, place, degree, and manner).</p> <p><a href="g_pronouns.html">Subject and object pronouns</a> &nbsp;<span class="ea">EA</span>&nbsp; <span class="msa">MSA</span> - tables of the subject and object pronouns in Arabic.</p> <p><a href="g_pronouns_poss.html">Possessive pronouns</a> &nbsp;<span class="ea">EA</span>&nbsp; <span class="msa">MSA</span> - tables of the possessive pronouns, with notes on usage and examples.</p> <p><a href="g_pronouns_demr.html">Demonstrative and relative pronouns</a> &nbsp;<span class="ea">EA</span>&nbsp; <span class="msa">MSA</span> - tables of the demonstrative and relative pronouns, with examples of usage.</p> <p><a href="g_idafa.html">The genitive construct and other ways to express possession</a> &nbsp;<span class="ea">EA</span> - information on the <span class="arabic">%6'A)</span> construct that indicates possession, and on prepositions that can also be used for the same purpose.</p> <p><a href="g_intro.html">Introduction to the Arabic sentence</a> &nbsp;<span class="ea">EA</span>&nbsp; <span class="msa">MSA</span> - the basic types of Arabic sentences, definition of subject and predicate, and how to negate sentences.</p> <p><a href="g_question.html">Asking questions</a> &nbsp;<span class="ea">EA</span>&nbsp; <span class="msa">MSA</span> - information on how to ask questions in Arabic, covering questions using interrogative words (who, what, when, where, how, why, etc.), yes/no questions, and questions posing alternatives to choose from.</p> <p><a href="g_vforms.html">The verb forms</a> &nbsp;<span class="msa">MSA</span> - information on the different verb forms and their associated meanings, and a table of all the verb forms including their perfect/imperfect conjugations, active/passive participles, and verbal nouns.</p> <p><a href="g_conj.html">Verb conjugations</a> &nbsp;<span class="ea">EA</span>&nbsp; <span class="msa">MSA</span> - information on the different types of sound and weak verbs, and conjugation tables for verbs of each type.</p> <p><a href="g_tenses.html">Verb tenses</a> &nbsp;<span class="ea">EA</span> - information on the past, simple present, present continuous, and future tenses: how to use them and negate them, with examples.</p> <p><a href="g_modals.html">Modals</a> &nbsp;<span class="ea">EA</span>&nbsp; <span class="msa">MSA</span> - information on modals, including examples of usage.</p> <p><a href="g_command.html">The imperative</a> &nbsp;<span class="ea">EA</span> - how to form and negate commands, including tables showing the steps to do this and examples.</p> <p><a href="g_act.html">The active participle</a> &nbsp;<span class="ea">EA</span> - the usage of the active participle, including examples, how to derive the active participle from verbs, and a table of commonly-used active participles.</p> <p><a href="g_pass.html">The passive participle</a> &nbsp;<span class="ea">EA</span> - the usage of the passive participle, including examples and how to derive the passive participle from verbs.</p> <p><a href="g_cond.html">Conditional statements</a> &nbsp;<span class="ea">EA</span> - how to form possible and impossible conditional statements, including lots of examples.</p> <p><a href="g_numbers.html">Numbers</a> &nbsp;<span class="ea">EA</span> - the numbers from 0 to 1 billion, information on how to read out long numbers, and noun-number constructions.</p> <p><a href="g_cases.html">Case endings</a> &nbsp;<span class="msa">MSA</span> - information on the nominative, genitive, and accusative cases: when and how to use them, with examples.</p> <p><a href="g_nawaasix.html">kaana, inna, and Zanna and their sisters</a> &nbsp;<span class="msa">MSA</span> - information on these verbs, which shift part of the sentence they're in to the accusative case; includes examples.</p> </div> <div id="footer"> <p><a href="mailto:webmaster%20(at)%20desert-sky%20(dot)%20net">Contact</a></p> </div> </div> </body> </html>